Non-derivative and derivative homonyms in the Russian and Uzbek languages
The article discusses some questions regarding non-derivative and derivative homonyms using an example of verbs of the Russian and Uzbek languages. The article discusses the problems of distinguishing polysemy and homonymy, the criteria for determining their boundaries. The basis of the study is the study of the internal structure of the word. The classification of non-derivative and derivative verbs-homonyms of the Russian and Uzbek languages is presented with consideration of the ways of their formation, derivative and non-derivative lexemes depending on the place in the family of words. Examples of word-formation types, in particular, affix word-formation methods inherent in the formation of verbal homonyms in the compared Russian and Uzbek languages are given.
The article also deals with the features and distinctive properties of lexical, derivational homonyms, and provides examples of reflected homonymy in the system of the family of words. Families of words are considered as the main criterion for determining the production and non-production of verbal homonyms of the Russian and Uzbek languages.
The classification of non-derivative and derivative homonyms of the Russian and Uzbek languages is developed. Examples of compiling families of words of verbs in the Uzbek language are given, taking into account the possibility of the formation of the largest number of derivatives in the structure of the families. Consequently, fragments are shown regarding the organization of reflected homonymy in both Russian and Uzbek.
The analyses results indicate that the phenomenon of homonymy in the Russian and Uzbek languages is regular and systemic. The regularity of relationships and interactions of lexical paradigms of the languages being compared in the formation of derivatives, in particular, reflected homonyms, is proved. An important place in this is given to homonymy, arising due to the homonymy of stems and affixes.