Intertextual dialogue in the Iranian-language folklore of Central Asia: sources of formation and specific features of the characters in fairy tales
The article is focused on the analysis of the characters and their functions in the fairy-tale Iranian-language folklore of Central Asia within the framework of the concept of intertextuality. The relevance of the study is determined by the lack of research of the intertextual interaction of lingua-cultures and texts, as well as by the fact that intertextual perspective provides an interdisciplinary approach that enables to resolve lingua-cultural, literary, and cognitive-discursive problems. Main methods are: descriptive, comparative-historical and typological, as well as elements of cognitive, ethnolinguistic and historical-cultural analysis.
The article shows the dynamics of intercultural interaction between Pamir and Tajik-Persian folklore texts and characters, as well as their functions. Special attention is paid to the functional aspect of the intertext, represented by magic characters and their designation (peri, div, a creature in the size of a span, a werewolf-crone), their specific features and functions at the local and regional levels. The author reveals that the first two characters are widely spread in the Iranian-language fairy-tale folklore of Central Asia and Iran, but in the texts in the Pamir, Tajik and Baluchi languages have distinctive features associated with the region of their distribution. The area of the other two characters is related to a limited number of Iranian-language fairy tales from the mountainous regions of Tajikistan and Afghanistan. The first of these characters has typological parallels among characters some widely known from “A Thousand and one nights”, Russian, Moldovan, Armenian and Bashkir fairy tales, A. Pushkin’s poem Ruslan and Lyudmila and the Indian epic poem Ramayana; the second personage is widely represented not only in Iranian but also in the Turkic fairy tales of Central Asia. It was confirmed that these characters are associated with the Persian-Tajik folklore tradition, but in the course of history they formed original images in the regional-local folklore traditions based on contamination with the characters of the Pamir and Mountainous Tajik pandemonium.