STUDYING THE MECHANISM OF FORMATION OF AN ABSTRACT CONCEPT (USING THE EXAMPLE OF THE CONCEPT “ENVY”)
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of structuring the abstract concept “envy”. The analysis of this concept takes into consideration both linguistic and extralinguistic aspects such as philosophic, psychological and social-theological. The article exposes and analyses lexemes representing every structural level of the concept from the viewpoint of semantics and syntagmatics. As a result, all common category features of this concept are exposed and their unity is defined by three conceptual components which help to trace the similarity between all lexemes representing the concept. The authors of this article pay special attention to objectivation of the seme “to envy” by lexemes representing close and far periphery of the concept as this meaning is implicit in these lexemes and can be objectivated only by means of combinatory, context and communicative aspect of utterance.