Structural characteristics of code-switching in the novel “Our Man in Havana” by G. Greene
Code-switching is a widespread phenomenon in fiction, although there are much less works researching into their peculiarities than into oral code-switching. “Our Man in Havana” by G. Greene is an instance of a literary text that abounds in code-switching, which has not been studied yet. The main aim of the work is to describe the structural characteristics of code-switching in this novel. The analysis of structural peculiarities of code-switching was made with the help of the Classification of occurrence in speech developed by G.N. Chirsheva. In the novel the most frequent switches are intrasentential (52%), then code selection takes place (36%), and then intersentential switches appear (12%). High frequency of intrasentential code-switchings is the result of the fact that they occur both in the speech of characters and in the author’s words in contrast to the other structural types. Besides that, bilingual characters switch with this type of code-switching, and the majority of characters are bilingual. The author identifies monolinguals with the help of code selection, as they say their remarks only in one language, which is embedded in the novel.