THE PHILOSOPHY OF STRUCTURALISM IN LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS
Structuralism is an intellectual movement to the human sciences with a profound effect on linguistics, sociology and other fields as well as philosophy which tries to analyze a specific field as a sophisticated system of interrelated parts. Structuralism believes that all human activity and its products are constructed and not natural. It also holds that everything has meaning. Structuralism underlies on the concepts that every system possesses a structure, that structure determines the position of every element of a whole, that structural rules deal with coexistence than changes, and that structures are the "real things" underlying the surface of meaning. In language and linguistic studies, structuralism includes collecting a corpus of utterances and then attempting to classify all of the elements of the corpus at their different linguistic levels. It also tries to explain broad subjects by surveying their individual components and the way they interact to each other. Taking the structuralist’s approach to language teaching will help the teachers and practitioners develop a methodology and then apply to any problem. It assists the students to learn through context. The structural approach views the language as being divided into various components interacting with each other and then forming the rules of the language.