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DOI: 10.18413/2313-8912-2015-1-4-30-34

COHESION AS A STRUCTURAL SEMANTIC FEATURE IN THE TEXT OF BUSINESS LETTERS (BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE FRENCH AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGES)

This article deals with the structural semantic problems of the textual organization of the business letter. The authors of the article study the cohesion phenomenon in the business letter text and draw a comparative analysis for the phenomenon in languages under study. The cohesion in the text of a business letter is represented in the textual interrelation of separate parts and sentences with the help of lexical, morphological and syntactical means. Two types of the linear cohesion are peculiar to the business letter: semantic linking и semantic overlap. The authors describe several levels of the semantic linking in the text of a business letter: lexical, grammatical и syntactical (coherence). The semantic linking at the lexical level is represented by reduplications and repeats; at the grammatical level – by the abidance by the grammar rules in writing business letters in French and Russian languages;. at the syntactical level – by the coherence means (language ties, language connectors). The authors develop the semantic overlap notion and note that the phenomenon under study borders with the semantic repeats and coincides with them in case if the lexical unit is replaced with a synonym.

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