DOI: 10.18413 / 2313-8912-2015-1-3-27-32


The article deals with the study of specificity of medical terms functioning in medical discourse. The term is analyzed in dynamics on the basis of such medical fields as diabetes mellitus and AIDS. The analysis of conversations between a doctor and patient revealed the fact that the term has a pragmatic function and depends on the types of discourse. Doctor and patient are the objects of the institutional regulatory activity as the bearers of medical knowledge. The goals of the doctor in communication with patients include making a diagnosis, choosing optimal treatments, and explaining his/ her actions with the use of medical terms and their comment. Using medical terms efficiently helps a health-care professional to affect the patient favorably.

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