THE CONCEPT OF INDEPENDENCE IN THE NOVELS BY AFRICAN WRITERS IN FRENCH AND SPANISH
The article deals with the description of linguistic mechanisms of expressing the concept of independence in African literary texts in French and Spanish. Independence is one of the most important components of the African culture code, a bifurcation point of the fictitious space and time. Africans are thrilled by an opportunity to take the reins of power in the young states. However, brand new political leaders are not always eager to care about the prosperity of their countries as expected. Therefore, for the citizens of the young republics, independence becomes the source of mixed feelings of hope, disappointment and alarm about the future. The ambivalent perception of this concept is illustrated by African writers’ novels in French and Spanish involving a bright palette of language means. It comprises a careful selection of lexical units, the use of pidginization involving the introduction of autochtonous elements in the narrative covering various linguistic levels as well as a high degree of metaphorization.