KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND THEIR REPRESENTATION IN THE LANGUAGE
The article deals with the problem of knowledge structures and their representation in the language. The authors of the article analyze the group of “verbs of touch” from the point of view of cognitive linguistics. According to the cognitive approach, the “verbs of touch” are studied with consideration of the structures of knowledge they represent. The concept “TOUCH” contains knowledge about the situation of touch. The authors describe the content and the structure of the concept “TOUCH”. For this purpose they analyse the key words in the thesaurus row, which correlate with the concept under study. These words are: the noun “touch” and the verb “touch”. The concept "TOUCH" correlates to the frame "TOUCH” which is a unifying structure of knowledge and which causes the similarity and difference between the verbs of touch and defines the ways of their system categorization. The authors define and describe the components which build the structure of the frame “TOUCH”. Obligatory components of the frame "TOUCH" contain the minimum knowledge about the situation of touch while the optional components describe the details of the situation of touch. The frame “TOUCH” can be represented in the language not only by means of the verbs which have the meaning of touch on the system level, but also by the verbs of other lexico-semantic groups which get the meaning of touch on the functional level.